Arraignment – your first court appearance.

Passion, Knowledge & Experience

When I was arrested and charged with two Misdemeanors, I was not only stunned but pretty scared too. I had never been arrested before and knew nothing of the process. Adam defended me with passion, non-judgment and thorough knowledge and experience of the law that I would have been utterly lost without. My record will be clean and I couldn't be happier. Myself, my family, friends and community are eternally grateful. THANK YOU, ADAM!! *****

Innocent and Facing Charges That Would Have Ruined My Life

"I had just recently graduated from law school and was awaiting my bar exam when I was charged with 3 class D felonies. Adam was incredibly invested and attentive from the beginning of my case. He greatly exceeded my expectations in how often he took the time to come visit me in jail with updates. He calmly talked my wife through the issues and helped her understand what was going on. Adam believed in me and took the case to jury trial in Monroe County Court. His courtroom performance was excellent, combined with a solid grasp of litigation procedures and law. The jury verdict was not guilty on the 3 counts. I WAS DISCHARGED AND ACQUITTED ON ALL COUNTS. Worst-case scenario I was looking at 21 years in prison, and instead today I have my life back."

Amazing lawyer

He is a very professional and well organized individual that will work with you not against you in any situation, and does his best to defend you and your rights in court. I would highly recommend P. Adam Militello for anyone in need of his services he provides. Avvo *****

What is an Arraignment

Being charged with a crime typically begins when law enforcement writes a traffic ticket or issues you an appearance ticket, and directs you to appear in a particular court at a particular time.

Your first court appearance is called an arraignment. (You are entitled to legal counsel at that court appearance, and at every further appearance for any charge more serious than a traffic ticket.) When you appear before the judge, you will be read the charges in detail, and you will be given a copy of the paperwork accusing you of violating the law (those papers are called "accusatory instruments"). If you don't have a lawyer, the judge should enter a plea of "not guilty" for you.

Aside from identifying yourself, you should speak little (if at all) during your arraignment. You are in a court of law, being recorded, and everything you say can be used against you. You still have the right to remain silent, so please use it. There is one exception, and it should be approached carefully.

After the "not guilty" plea is entered, the judge may ask the prosecutor if she wants to be "heard on bail," or, "heard on status." In other words, the prosecutor has a chance to ask the judge to set bail in your case. If - and only if - the prosecutor asks for bail, you may want to tell the judge that:

  1. you live locally (if you do);
  2. you have a job (if you do);
  3. you have family in the area (if you do); and
  4. you have always appeared in court as directed (or that you have never been arrested before).

The point is to assure the judge that your safe return to court does not require the judge to set bail because you are going to follow the judge's order and return to court whenever she tells you to return.

After the judge reads the charges against you and enters a not guilty plea on your behalf, and after the issue of bail status is heard, the judge will set a new court date for you to reappear with counsel. Your job now is to go find a lawyer and return to court. The sooner you start making calls to attorneys, the better. With more lead time we are often able to get more issues resolved, and it makes your court appearances go much more smoothly.  

If you find yourself charged with a crime near Rochester, NY, contact The Militello Law Firm at (585) 485-0025 for a free telephone consultation and case evaluation.

The Militello Law firm
2480 Browncroft Boulevard
Rochester, New York 14625
Phone: (585) 485-0025 Fax: (585) 286-3128